Sun, Feb 17, 2019 - Page 15 News List

Traveling classroom helps bridge digital divide in Benin

The solar-powered, 13m-long trailer provides students in rural areas the chance to familiarize themselves with computers and learn how to build one in a jerry cans

By Delphine Bousquet  /  AFP, COTONOU, Benin

BloLab founder Medard Agbayazon, second right, teaches schoolchildren to use a computer in the nonprofit group’s trailer in Avrankou, Benin, on Jan. 18.

Photo: AFP

School was out, but on an afternoon in rural Benin, 11-year-old Ambroise rushed to a tree-shaded parking lot, his day’s learning not yet done.

Parked beneath the cola trees was a trailer loaded with computers — the kind of technology that few students in the west African country had ever seen, much less touched.

Designed by BloLab, a nonprofit group based in Benin’s largest city, Cotonou, the 13m-long trailer is powered by 12 solar panels and equipped with enough laptops to give rural students a chance to familiarize themselves with computers, which most families cannot afford.

“When the teacher told us that we’d start having computer class again, I quickly finished my work, because I was so happy,” said Ambroise, from eastern Benin’s Avrankou District.

In his class of 48, only four students had even touched a computer before. Ambroise had used one at a photocopy shop, while the other three had a sibling who owned one.

In Benin, the digital divide is not just a concept, but a reality, BloLab founder Medard Agbayazon said.

“In the towns, many people have technology, there are cybercafes, but in villages it is rare to find a computer or a smartphone,” he told reporters.

Benin’s Internet penetration rate is just 42.2 percent, the Regulatory Authority for Electronic and Postal Communication said in a report last year.

Among these, almost everyone (96 percent) used a mobile phone for accessing the Web, the report said.

These are the conditions that spawned the idea for a mobile classroom furnished with desks, as well as fans to ward off the tropical heat.

BloLab pays to rent a cab to tow the trailer, which was donated by Swiss-based charity African Puzzle.

The classroom, which has visited two communities since August last year, stays in one place for a month at a time, providing five two-hour computer skills classes per week, free of charge.

It is a drop in the ocean for Avrankou, which has a population of 128,000 scattered in 59 villages served by 88 primary schools.

“The idea isn’t to make computer scientists, but just to make children want to use digital technology. It’s a tool that can solve real problems in everyday life,” Agbayazon said.

As one group of pupils practiced using a word processor on the trailer’s laptops, another worked in a corner of the town hall, learning to build computers in jerry cans with recycled components from obsolete machines or donated by businesses and charities in Cotonou.

The students were already familiar with terms like “motherboard,” “hard drive” and “power supply” from a previous lesson.

One of two trainers, Raoul Letchede, showed the kids the components that they would use to assemble a makeshift computer in a 25-liter yellow plastic container.

These homemade machines must be hooked up to a computer screen to work.

“This lesson familiarizes them with the inside of a computer, demystifies how it works and shows them that they can make their own, even without much money,” Letchede said.

One rule of the mobile classroom is that all the software used must be free to the public.

“We have to promote this practice, because we don’t have the money here to buy the licenses,” Agbayazon said. “We don’t want to encourage children to hack.”

The approach impressed local official Apollinaire Oussou Lio on a recent visit to the class.

“This is an opportunity to no longer be a slave to software from the big multinationals,” Lio said, adding that he would also like to be more computer savvy.

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