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Apple at 40 years old remains stronger than ever as trendsetter

By Veronique Dupont  /  AFP, SAN FRANCISCO

Late Apple Inc CEO Steve Jobs on Jan. 10, 2006, in San Francisco, California, shows a slide of himself and co-founder Steve Wozniak, left on screen, during their launch 40 years ago on Friday.

Photo: EPA

Apple Inc celebrated its 40th anniversary on Friday at the top of its game, as the Silicon Valley legend that sprang out of Steve Jobs’ garage to reshape modern life with its trendsetting gadgets.

Jobs, the late tech-savvy marketing genius, and Steve Wozniak, who invented the Apple computer, helped revolutionize how people use technology, and formed what would become the world’s largest corporation, with an eye-popping US$53 billion in annual profits.

The two college dropouts created the company that has changed the way people use computers, listen to music and communicate on the go, and made people at home in a world of “apps” tailored for work, play, education, health and more.

Apple’s hit products — the Mac, the iPod, the iPhone and the iPad — command a cult-like following, long after the company’s humble beginning in Jobs’ Cupertino, California garage on April 1, 1976.

“Apple has defined modern Internet lifestyle,” said Tim Bajarin, president of Silicon Valley analyst firm Creative Strategies.

While other firms had major impacts on specific technologies or devices, “Apple had the greatest influence on the broadest range of consumer electronics,” Bajarin said.

Before changing the world with the iPhone and iPad, Apple transformed home computing with the Macintosh.

The friendly desktop machine referred to as the “Mac” and, importantly, the ability to control it by clicking on icons with a “mouse,” opened computing to non-geeks in much the way that touchscreens later allowed almost anyone to get instantly comfortable with smartphones or tablets.

The Macintosh computer, introduced in 1984, was at the core of a legendary rivalry between late Apple co-founder Jobs and Microsoft mastermind Bill Gates.

“Apple heavily influenced the market with the Mac by introducing the mouse and the graphical user interface,” Bajarin said, referring to the then-novel notion of controlling computers by clicking icons instead of typing commands using software speak.

Apple went on to “rewrite” the music market with the iPod; made the smartphone a mass market staple with the iPhone, and took tablets mainstream with the iPad.

Apple Watch quickly took the lead in the smartwatch market, despite making its debut later than those of rivals.

While Apple did not invent MP3 players, smartphones, tablets or smartwatches, its creations combined beauty, ease-of-use and capabilities that won zealous fans.

Jobs, who died in 2011 at the age of 56, was renowned for an uncompromising drive to combine technology with design to make products that were intuitive and hassle-free.

“Apple has taught us the supremacy of user experience and brand passion,” Forrester analyst Frank Gillett said. “Apple devices don’t just work great, they inspire allegiance. The Apple brand inspires passion on both ends of the spectrum.”

Gillett recalled early Apple days when loyalty to Apple or Windows computers was the type of topic that could easily trigger clashes in San Francisco cafes.

“It is Apple’s obsessive attention to detail, premium products that for some are status symbols,” the analyst said. “It becomes brand fashion, with people throwing themselves into a community.”

Apple’s path to becoming the world’s most valuable company was beset by surprising twists and turns, including product flops, as well as board room machination that resulted in Jobs being ousted for a time as chief.

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