Sun, Nov 08, 2015 - Page 14 News List

Fashion giants racing to dress India’s sari-shunning youth

By Emily Ford  /  AFP, NEW DELHI

Customers browse items at a multinational clothing outlet in New Delhi, India, on Saturday last week.

Photo: AFP

Rifling through sweaters in India’s first Gap store in a glitzy New Delhi mall, 21-year-old Ridhi Goel said her grandmother does not mind how she dresses, as long as it is not too revealing.

“She’s fine with me wearing Western clothes like a shirt, but not jeans and a crop top,” said the journalism student, her grey leggings contrasting sharply with her mother’s colorful kurta. “All my family wears Indian clothes, but I find them too uncomfortable. I think maybe there is a generational divide.”

Most women in India still wear traditional dress such as saris or shalwar kameez — but the picture is changing, and on city streets, dazzling silks mingle with logoed T-shirts and jeans. Young people’s appetite for Western clothes has led a fresh flurry of foreign brands to open up in India in the past few months, including US chain Gap and Sweden’s H&M.

Others are expanding fast, including popular Spanish retailer Zara and British high-street staple Marks & Spencer, which last month opened its 50th shop in India, its biggest market outside the UK.

Urbanization, a growing middle class, rising disposable incomes and one of the youngest populations in the world make India hard to ignore.

“The time has come for Western wear to have exponential growth,” said J. Suresh, the managing director of textile group Arvind Lifestyle Brands.

“If you look at any girl born after 1990, she will be wearing Western wear. That is the generation coming into college, their first job,” he said. “They will be completely in Western wear.”

While globally women are the biggest shoppers, in India men’s clothing dominates, with 42 percent of the US$38 billion market last year, consultancy Technopak said.

Shoppers are also younger — the average customer targeted by Gap in its US stores is 35, but their Indian counterpart is five to 10 years their junior, Suresh said.

Gap had a head start in India thanks to Bollywood megastar Shah Rukh Khan, whose ubiquitous orange hoodie in 1990s hit Kuch Kuch Hota Hai (“Something Happens”) handed the brand a ready-made following.

However, it is young Indian women, increasingly affluent and joining the workforce in expanding numbers, who are driving change, with data showing sales of womenswear growing faster than men’s.

And while Western clothes currently make up only about one-quarter of Indian womenswear, their sales are outpacing traditional dress.

A Marks & Spencer spokesperson cited its Indigo denim range and lingerie as two of its best-performing lines in India, with more than 300,000 bras sold in 2014-2015.

“As an increasing number of women move into white collar and blue-collar roles, they are also adopting Western attire,” said Devangshu Dutta, chief executive of Third Eyesight, a retail consultancy in Delhi.

More negatively, media stereotypes of overseas fashion as a proxy for “a modern thought process” and conversely, Indian clothing as “backward or repressive, certainly are an important influencer,” he said.

While Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi is famous for wearing a short-sleeved kurta, he is in the minority among India’s men.

They already dress predominantly in Western clothes, as do children, whose parents see it as a practical choice for school uniforms.

For foreign brands, fast-growing India is a welcome change from sluggish markets like Britain, and a loosening of foreign direct investment laws has made it easier to open stores.

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