Egypt was set to raise mainstream fuel prices by up to 78 percent from midnight on Friday, an Oil Ministry source told reporters, in a long-awaited step to cut energy subsidies to ease the burden on its swelling budget deficit.
Food and energy subsidies traditionally eat up a quarter of state spending. The government is cutting subsidies in hopes of reviving an economy battered by more than three years of political turmoil.
Successive governments have failed to curb energy-product subsidies, fearing backlash from a public used to cheap fuel.
“The increase will start being implemented by midnight,” the source said.
The source said the price of 92 octane gasoline would be 2.60 Egyptian pounds (US$0.36) per liter, up 40 percent from its current price of 1.85 pounds, while 80 octane gasoline would rise to 1.6 pounds per liter, up 78 percent.
Diesel will rise to 1.80 pounds per liter, an increase of 63 percent, while the less commonly used natural gas for vehicles will rise by 175 percent to 1.10 pounds per cubic meter.
Egyptian Supplies Minister Khaled Hanafi confirmed the cuts on private television channel Sada al-Balad, saying the state will cancel 90 octane gasoline and the price for 92 octane gasoline would be 2.60 pounds while the price for 95 octane gasoline would rise to 6.25 pounds. He also confirmed that diesel prices would rise to 1.80 pounds.
Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi has already raised electricity prices in efforts to reform energy subsidies, one of a range of politically sensitive subsidies that also cover transport, food and agriculture.
“An increase in fuel prices has been expected and while it is likely that there will be some inflationary repercussions, a rise in prices to a market price is necessary,” said Angus Blair, chairman of business and economic forecasting think-tank Signet.
“It should be noted that the effect of a rise in fuel prices will not affect the poor directly, since they do not own cars,” he added.
Electricity prices began to rise this month under a plan to eliminate power subsidies within five years, the electricity minister said on Thursday.
Electricity prices are set to double over the next five years, but the introduction of a more graduated pricing structure aims to reduce the burden on the poor in a country where one person in four survives on less than US$2 a day.
State finances have been decimated by more than three years of political turmoil, but the government is trying to improve them without provoking a backlash from Egyptians, who have helped topple two presidents since 2011 but have yet to see an improvement in living standards.
Egyptian Finance Minister Hany Kadry Dimian announced deep cuts in energy subsidies in the 2014-2015 budget that would save the government 40 billion Egyptian pounds.
The revised budget seeks to reduce the deficit to 10 percent of GDP in the next fiscal year, from an expected shortfall of 12 percent in the 2013-2014 fiscal year.