Sun, Nov 17, 2013 - Page 14 News List

Bombs don’t stop business boom in Benghazi

By Ulf Laessing and Ghaith Shennib  /  Reuters, BENGHAZI, Libya

Retail outlets line Venice Street in Benghazi, Libya, on Nov. 7.

Photo: Reuters

Shop assistants showcase elegant Italian menswear, next door a fast-food restaurant buzzes with customers and nearby a German sportswear shop hawks the latest high-end running shoes.

The scene could be downtown New York or Milan if not for the occasional gun battles, car bombs and bearded Islamist fighters flourishing rifles and fundamentalist beliefs.

In Benghazi, Libya’s eastern metropolis, the militias that plague much of the country flourish alongside a boom in sales of foreign brands catering to the city’s burgeoning rich.

Libya’s second-largest city stands for almost everything wrong with the North African country and its fragile central government since the 2011 ouster of Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi.

The Tripoli government has little say in the rundown port where militias and Islamists set up private checkpoints, often beneath black al-Qaeda flags. The US ambassador was killed here during an Islamist assault on the US consulate in September last year.

Benghazi sits at the heart of an autonomy movement resisting central government authority and taking over eastern ports to choke off nearly half of the OPEC nation’s oil shipments in a push for more independence.

However, that lawlessness has not hindered the arrival of expensive outlets and a three-floor mall. Venice Street, as it is called by locals, was once a dull backstreet. A year ago, luxury retailers turned it into a bustling commercial strip.

“People have more money than under Qaddafi so business is excellent,” said Mohammed Lara, chief executive of a perfume retailer which has two Benghazi shops and plans another.

Customers are hungry for luxury goods because shopping under Qaddafi was frustrated by state controls and sanctions, he said. State markets sold anything from Turkish-made chocolate to Chinese socks to cover basic needs, but quality goods were out of reach for most on state salaries.

Despite suffering from anarchy and poor public services, Libyans are now better off financially. Qaddafi increased salaries for the public sector just before the NATO-backed uprising in a futile bid to ease dissent.

The new government, struggling to assert control over a vast country still filled with arms, has kept the salary increase and handed out more benefits, and not just for civil servants.

This year it raised salaries for oil workers by 67 percent in an apparent attempt to end protests at oil ports.

Half of the US$54 billion national budget goes to state salaries and subsidies for anything from bread to gasoline, healthcare and plane tickets to keep people happy.

“I am upgrading my fashion shops from Chinese textile to European brands as I see demand for quality products,” said Ghanem Sheikhi, who is partner in a shopping mall and owner of fashion, computer game entertainment and fast-food shops.

One sector that is booming is travel. Local air traffic has risen to 1.8 million passengers annually, compared with about 800,000 in the Qaddafi era, said Qais al-Baksheshe, head of an organization helping local authorities attract foreign firms.

Benghazi’s tiny airport, with two ramshackle buildings dating back to before Qaddafi, is already served by carriers such as Turkish Airways or Egyptair.


Benghazi, a city with about 1 million residents, had been neglected for decades by Qaddafi, who held a grudge against the eastern region known as Cyrenaica, the cradle of the uprising.

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