When Misbah Rashid taught Chinese 30 years ago, few signed up. Today her department has more than 200 Pakistani students, increasingly attracted by the prospect of an affordable education and a job.
For decades, a foreign education was the preserve of the richest who could afford the stratospheric expense of sending their progeny to Oxford or Harvard to mingle with an international Westernized elite.
However, Rashid’s pupils are mostly middle class. Ambitious and academic, they lack the means to afford a US or British education and so they sign up for Mandarin Chinese at the National University of Modern Languages in Islamabad.
Some of them hope to get a job with a Chinese company in Pakistan. Others will go on to further studies in China, which offers about 500 scholarships a year and cheaper fees.
A course in China costs a few thousand US dollars a year, compared with the tens of thousands of US dollars British and US universities charge. What is more, some Pakistanis say their great northeastern neighbor makes them feel more welcome.
“Nowadays as Pakistanis, you may not be as welcome in all other countries as we were a few years ago,” said 18-year-old Ali Rafi, who applied to study economics at Shangdon University after visiting last summer.
“But when we went to China, there was one major difference in that we felt at home, the people relations were really, really good. We were always welcomed, honored and everyone was really pleased when they learnt we were Pakistani,” he said.
He studies at City School, one of the private schools in Islamabad that has started to offer Chinese lessons to children as young as 12, who sing in Mandarin under the watchful eye of their teacher, Zhang Haiwei.
If everything goes well, the classes will be rolled out across the school’s other 200 branches in Pakistan. Other private schools are also doing the same.
Pakistanis complain about the difficulty of getting visas and of the suspicion their nationality can arouse among those who associate Pakistan with Osama bin Laden, al-Qaeda and the Taliban, particularly in Britain and the US.
The British government says that overall, 20 percent fewer student visas were issued last year compared with the previous year.
The US mission in Pakistan says it supports the world’s largest US government-funded exchange program, sending more than 1,000 Pakistanis on fully funded educational programs to the US every year.
The independent Institute of International Education says 5,045 students from Pakistan studied in the US in 2010-2011, but that the number has declined steadily since 2001-2002, the academic year of the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks.
There is also considerable resentment of US policy, including the “covert” use of armed drones to carry out attacks in Pakistan on militants, whereas Chinese investment, China’s reluctance to admonish Pakistan in public, its rivalry with India and status as an emerging global superpower give it considerable goodwill.
The job market is another consideration.
Pakistan’s main trading partner is still the EU, but trade with China reached US$12 billion last year, up 18 percent from the previous year.
China is also Pakistan’s main arms supplier. Beijing built two nuclear power plants in Pakistan and is contracted to construct two more reactors. There are an estimated 10,000 Chinese living in Pakistan.