The Bank of Japan (BOJ) could add further stimulus if warranted by economic and price conditions, Bank of Japan Deputy Governor Hirohide Yamaguchi said, while rejecting criticism of the impact of the bank’s policies on the yen.
“It could be the case that further accommodation will be pursued,” as the BOJ monitors the economy and prices, Yamaguchi, whose term ends in next month, said in a speech in Nagasaki yesterday.
He later told reporters that the central bank’s policies are not aimed at directly weakening the yen.
The BOJ last week adopted a 2 percent inflation target without a deadline and said it would wait until next year to start open-ended asset purchases.
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe yesterday urged the bank to reach the target quickly, adding to his calls for more action that has helped weaken the yen more than 12 percent against the US dollar in three months.
“This speech shows the BOJ is trying to escape from rising political pressure by signaling its willingness for more action,” said Hideo Kumano, chief economist at Dai-Ichi Life Research Institute in Tokyo and a former central bank official.
“The BOJ may have to ease further in the next few months,” he said.
European Central Bank governing council member Jens Weid- mann warned last month against “politicizing” the yen exchange rate, and German Chancellor Angela Merkel said: “I can’t say I’m completely free of worry when I look at Japan right now,” last week while speaking at the World Economic Forum in Davos.
“As for talk of currency wars, I want to make it clear that the BOJ doesn’t conduct monetary policy, and didn’t bolster stimulus this time, in an attempt to influence the yen,” Yamaguchi said to reporters after the speech, joining the government in defending Japan’s actions.
“It’s not our way of thinking to aim directly to influence the level of currency,” Yamaguchi said. “Monetary easing naturally makes an indirect impact on foreign exchange rates.”
Japan’s consumer prices fell 0.2 percent in December last year, the 17th drop in the last 24 months, suggesting that the economy is still far from sustained price gains.
Dai-Ichi’s Kumano expects that the BOJ may start open-ended asset purchases earlier than the planned start date in January next year.
Currently, the bank buys securities such as government bonds and exchange-traded funds through a fund targeted to reach ￥76 trillion (US$837 billion) in assets in December.
Yamaguchi said in his speech that the BOJ will pursue “aggressive monetary easing” as long as it deems appropriate, adding that the bank’s price target is the same as the “flexible inflation targeting” adopted by many central banks.