US markets maintained their buoyant form in the past week, with the S&P 500 and the Dow Industrial index edging ever higher in a week marked by solid earnings results.
With the exception of technology giant Apple, which surprised the market with a gloomy outlook for this year, top companies in a range of sectors released reports that either met or exceeded expectations.
Market watchers were also heartened by a move by the US House of Representatives to agree to raise the US debt ceiling, removing a major source of uncertainty, at least for the medium term.
“The earnings have been very good and it appears that things are fine in Washington,” said Hugh Johnson, chief investment officer of Hugh Johnson Advisors, flagging Apple as a glaring exception to the mainly positive trend.
The uptick of the major indices underscored growing optimism in the US economy, despite concerns until now about less-than-stellar job growth.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average finished the week at 13,895.98, up 1.8 percent from the previous week’s close, and just 1.9 percent below its all-time high recorded in October 2007. The broad-based S&P 500 breached 1,500 for the first time in five years, closing the week at 1,502.96, up 1.1 percent. That places the index about 4 percent below its all-time peak, which also came in October 2007.
Among the most optimistic of the companies reporting earnings this week was consumer goods manufacturer Procter and Gamble (P&G), which beat analyst expectations by a wide margin and increased its guidance for earnings this year.
“Global market share trends improved,” CEO Bob McDonald said as he pointed to organic sales growth in all five of its business segments.
However, fast-food giant McDonald’s, which bested earnings forecasts by a modest margin, offered a somewhat more restrained outlook for the new year.
“2013 is still going to be a tough economic environment around the world,” CEO Don Thompson said. “In the US, we’re seeing some signs of maybe a slight recovery. However, having said that, we also know that we have commodity pressures and some labor pressures.”
The biggest question mark surrounded Apple, which reported large increases in the number of iPhones and iPads sold in the closing months of last year, but offered a gloomy forecast for sales in the second quarter of this year. Apple forecast that second-quarter revenue would range from US$41 billion to US$43 billion, well below the US$54.5 billion reported in the first quarter. It also said it would have a gross margin of 37.5 percent to 39.5 percent, compared with a margin of 44.7 percent in the year-ago quarter.
“Apple’s profit did go up; it just didn’t go up that much,” analyst Rob Enderle of Enderle Group in Silicon Valley said.
“They had a really high increase in sales, but their high margin is coming apart at the edges ... They are making less per gadget,” he said.
The results spawned a sell-off in Apple shares that saw the company by week’s end cede its status as the biggest company by market capitalization to oil giant ExxonMobil. While Apple’s struggles were noteworthy, the company-specific nature of its problems spared the market as a whole.
Patrick O’Hare at Briefing.com said the effect of Apple’s problems was a “great rotation” not out of stocks in general, but out of Apple to other equities.