As high-powered CEOs flock to the snowy Swiss resort of Davos, they are loaded down with baggage — not just skis and iPads, but concerns about the global economy, public mistrust, disappearing jobs and a heap of other challenges.
A new survey on Tuesday showed a steady drop in the number of CEOs worldwide who are “very confident” that their companies will grow this year. The number fell from 48 percent in 2011 to 36 percent this year.
Amid this pessimism, most of them are carefully sticking to a few investments in tried-and-true markets, according to the survey by accounting firm PricewaterhouseCoopers.
“Most are saying that the global economy will stay about the same for the next 12 months. So, not encouraging, maybe not discouraging, but clearly that’s affecting their outlook for their own companies’ growth prospects,” PwC chairman Dennis Nally said in an interview.
“The degree of confidence across the board is really down, regardless of whether you’re in a developing market or a developed market,” he said.
It is down even in high-flying economies like China and Brazil. The most upbeat country was Russia, where 66 percent of CEOs are “very confident” of revenue growth this year, Nally said.
He said the survey sends a strong message to governments that they must fix economic problems, including disputed regulations, government deficits and tax issues.
“All of those are impacting CEOs’ levels of confidence to really deal with their businesses on a go-forward basis,” he said.
Uncertainty about tax and spending policies is at the root of the gloom, said John Veihmeyer, CEO of accounting firm KPMG’s US operations. He said it was frustrating that US government solutions “seem to be within our control,” but still out of reach.
“I think we have an opportunity for the US to lead the world onto a path of stronger economic footing and very robust economic recovery over the next five years,” Veihmeyer said. “It’s not going to be easy. There’s going to be pain and sacrifice.”
Nearly a quarter of the CEOs surveyed plan further job cuts — yet more than half of them say they have trouble finding people with the right job skills.
The UN labor agency said this week the jobs crisis has worsened; there were 197 million people who could not find a job last year and another 39 million who have given up looking for one.
Neely worries about a “lost generation” of job seekers and encourages young people to focus on gaining skills that are in demand — skills in areas such as the sciences, math, engineering and other technical areas.
Heading on Tuesday into the glitzy World Economic Forum, where more than 2,500 members of the political and corporate elite will debate the world’s top economic issues this week, many participants said their top worries are prospects for social unrest, a US recession, cyberattacks, natural disasters and a breakup of the 17-nation eurozone.
In a reminder of the tangible threats facing world leaders, more than 3,000 soldiers are on hand in Davos to guard against terrorist or other threats to the gathering, while police and other security officers tightly sealed the Alpine town to ward off protests.
Business leaders also recognize that public trust in corporations — including CEOs — is waning. The survey questioned 1,330 corporate leaders in 68 nations between September and last month, and more than half said they plan to do more to build an “ethical culture” at their firms this year.