The US economy may be healing, but banks are suffering from a housing hangover.
JPMorgan Chase spent US$3.2 billion last year to fight lawsuits, almost all of them over poorly written mortgages. That was down from US$5.7 billion in 2010, but it made clear that housing still haunts the bank, five years after the bubble burst.
The bank said on Friday that it set aside US$528 million in the last three months of last year to fight lawsuits. It also spent US$925 million in the fourth quarter to carry out foreclosures and handle mortgage defaults.
“There’s still a huge drag,” CEO Jamie Dimon said. “I mean, you’re talking about several billion dollars a year in mortgage alone.”
The expenses took a bite out of JPMorgan’s quarterly profit, which fell 23 percent from a year earlier, to US$3.7 billion, and missed Wall Street expectations. Stocks across the banking industry declined as a result.
For the full year, JPMorgan, the nation’s largest bank, posted a record profit of US$19 billion, up from US$17.4 billion in 2010.
JPMorgan also took a hit because of choppy financial markets. It collected US$1.1 billion in investment banking fees, down 39 percent from the year before. Its fees for underwriting debt fell 40 percent, and 65 percent for underwriting stock.
The struggles came while the economy and the job market were showing signs of a real recovery. JPMorgan said the household finances of its customers were stabilizing, and more people paid credit card bills on time.
The customer improvements allowed the bank to book a profit of US$730 million by reducing the reserves it had set aside for credit card defaults.
JPMorgan’s profit for October through December amounted to US$0.90 per share. Wall Street analysts surveyed by FactSet, a financial data provider, were expecting US$0.93.
It was the first time in four years that JPMorgan fell short of expectations. Profit fell 23 percent from US$4.8 billion, or US$1.12 per share, in the same quarter in 2010. Revenue fell 17 percent to US$22.2 billion.
JPMorgan stock fell 3.4 percent to US$35.60 in early afternoon trading on Friday. Its competitors followed: Citigroup was down 3 percent and Bank of America 2.5 percent. Wells Fargo, which relies less on investment banking, was down 0.3 percent.
Stock market traders take their cue from the results of large banks like JPMorgan, which has 50 million customers. The results demonstrated that it remains unclear how long the mortgage problem will be a drag on the industry.
The bank’s higher litigation expense does not bode well for Bank of America, which has been damaged far more than JPMorgan from lawsuits related to mortgages.
Last year, Bank of America agreed to pay close to US$13 billion to settle mortgage issues.
The banks also face a mountain of lawsuits for documentation problems during home foreclosures. In December, Massachusetts sued five major banks, including JPMorgan, for deceptive foreclosure practices.
JPMorgan was the first major US bank to report earnings. Citigroup, Bank of America, Wells Fargo, Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley all report this coming week.