Sun, Oct 09, 2011 - Page 11 News List

Leaders meet on critical weekend for the eurozone

STAY TUNED:French officials said there was not a rift between Paris and Berlin on how to handle the crisis, adding that a plan would come from today’s meeting


IMF managing director Christine Lagarde arrived in Paris yesterday for talks with French President Nicolas Sarkozy on a crunch weekend for the European debt crisis.

She made no comment as she went into the Elysee palace.

After their talks, Sarkozy was to head to Berlin today to meet German Chancellor Angela Merkel, as eurozone leaders cobble together a plan to recapitalize banks overexposed to risky sovereign debt.

On Friday the European Commission gave member states 10 days to agree a plan to shore up their lenders, which Lagarde’s IMF thinks will need between 100 billion and 200 billion euros (US$135 billion and US$270 billion) to cover potential losses.

French banks in particular are seen as overexposed to Greek, Italian and Spanish debts, and leaders fear a default in a weaker Mediterranean economy could trigger a financial crisis across the continent.

Highlighting the urgency of the task, ratings agency Moody’s downgraded a dozen British banks over concerns government support for lenders could be withdrawn and the Fitch agency downgraded Italy’s and Spain’s credit ratings.

The debt crisis, which began in Greece, has snared Ireland and Portugal and now put Italy and Spain in the firing line too, threatening to sink the entire euro project as banks find it hard to raise funding.

The French, German and Italian employers’ federations yesterday appealed for greater European integration, calling for a new treaty to get over “the current shortcomings of the eurozone.”

“So that the foundations can be laid for a prosperous and politically strong 21st century Europe, we call on the European Union to start work on a new treaty, which would be a new step towards closer political and economic union,” France’s Medef, Germany’s BDI and Italy’s Cofindustria said.

Fears of a resulting “credit crunch” have raised the specter of 2008, when US giant investment bank Lehman Brothers collapsed and could have taken the global financial system with it but for massive government support.

Merkel, whose country is Europe’s strongest economy and effective eurozone paymaster, insisted on Friday that under-pressure banks must first turn to investors for funds before appealing for national or European cash.

France, the eurozone’s next biggest player, is reportedly more ready to turn to public funds to shore up its at risk lenders and a state investment fund has already drawn up plans to rescue Franco-Belgian bank Dexia.

However, officials at the French finance ministry insisted there was no rift with Berlin and said that the eventual bailout plan would be agreed on a European level after Sarkozy’s meeting with Merkel.

Diplomats said France, in fear of losing its top notch “AAA” credit rating, would prefer to recapitalize banks with the existing, but already stretched 440 billion euro European Financial Stability Facility.

Germany is more cautious on using the fund, originally set up to help Greece directly, but has agreed to expand it. Of the 17 eurozone members, only Malta and Slovakia have yet to approve its expansion.

Malta is expected to give the go-ahead tomorrow and Slovakia’s deadlocked coalition will meet on the same day, one day before Tuesday’s unpredictable parliamentary vote that could save or sink the rescue fund.

The European Commission said it would offer a framework in “coming days” for EU nations to recapitalize banks in a coordinated fashion.

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